Sanssouci Palace and Park
The Old Fritz has brought the dream of a German Versailles to Potsdam in form of his Sanssouci Castle. Set on a hilltop, the summer palace, that was much-loved by the king, offers a panoramic view of Potsdam and in particular of the terraced gardens with the magnificent fountain at the centre. World famous and added to the World Heritage List of Unesco in 1990. Here, 250 years the supreme garden design unite with the works of the most accomplished architects and sculptors of the time. Later, King Friedrich Wilhelm IV. expanded the garden between the private castle Sanssouci and impressive New Palace.
The 300-hectare park Sanssouci has an east-west distance of more than two kilometres and features striking natural settings as well as splendid buildings of classicism and romanticism.
Cecilienhof is the last Hohenzollern palace, built from 1913 to 1917 in an English country style. Kaiser Wilhelm II. had the castle built for his eldest son, Crown Prince Wilhelm, as a residence. Adapted to the geographical features, the castle in brick and wood fits in perfectly with the New Garden and the surrounding area.
Until World War II. it was the residence of the last German royal couple Wilhelm and Cecilie of Prussia. In the summer of 1945, Churchill, Truman and Stalin made history at Cecilienhof Palace. In the dignified halls of Cecilienhof, the victorious powers of World War II. met for the Potsdam Conference, officially called Tripartite Conference of Berlin. The meeting manifested the division of Germany and Europe.
Today, the castle is a historic memorial site. The conference rooms and work spaces of the participants of the Potsdam Conference, as well as the private residence of the royal couple can be visited.
Babelsberg Film Studios
Since the pictures started moving, Babelsberg was an important centre for German film. Here, Marlene Dietrich and Hans Albers appeared in front of the camera. Until today national and international film productions are taken place in the historic studios of Potsdam.
The theme park Babelsberg gives you an opportunity to catch a glimpse behind the scenes of the fascinating world of film and television. On display you will find manifold objects around the subject of film: backdrops, props, costumes and technical equipment of yesterday and today. Painters, plasterers, costume designers and makeup artist give an exclusive insight into their work and show how perfect illusions arise. During the spectacular stunt show, the insightful television show, the Three Musketeers show and the animals show the world of film becomes alive. Thrill seekers will love the 4D action cinema and the world's first interactive XD adventure cinema at the Dome of Babelsberg.
It is one of the most distinctive buildings in Potsdam: The Nikolai Church with its impressive dome, visible from all directions. As one of many buildings planned by Karl Friedrich Schinkel it is typical example of the architectural landscape in Potsdam and Berlin.
Today in the church hosts numerous concerts and events. In addition, the 50-metre high observation deck in the church dome gives an impressive panoramic view of the Havel country.
Belvedere on the Pfingstberg
Located a 100 metres above the city on the small mountain Pfingstberg, you will find an ensemble of buildings, the Belvedere. Not only does it offer a beautiful distant view of Potsdam, but also a journey into history. A new multimedia, bilingual permanent exhibition entitled "Potsdam's Visions with a View - The Pfingstberg and its Eventful History" allows visitors to gain remarkable insights into the events of the last 150 years.
Friedrich Wilhelm IV. realized his dream of a romantic-classical castle with large arcades and colonnades, galleries and two observation towers by building the Belvedere. The ensemble also includes the Pomona temple, completed in 1801 and probably the first building of the young architect Karl Friedrich Schinkel. The Belvedere is surrounded by gardens in the English style, a great place for a stroll to the New Garden.
From December to February, the Belvedere Castle is on winter break and remains closed.